EDUCATION AND LITERACY IN KWALE
The ECD has been mainly supported by private sector and has improved in the recent past. The County has a total of 820 Early Childhood Development (ECD) centres spread evenly in the county with total enrolment of 43,874 pupils comprising of 22,042 boys and 21,832 girls. This translates to a gross enrolment of 57.95 and 58 per cent for boys and girls respectively. The teacher pupil/ ratio is at 1:32 and the average ECD attendance age is 4.5 years. The ECD enrolment of 58 per cent is very low, this may account for the poor performance at national examinations such as KCPE due to weak educational foundation by the pupils as some of them join primary school without having attended ECD education.
Kwale County has total of 415 primary schools comprising of 363 and 52 public and private primary schools respectively with a total enrolment of 167,318 pupils which constitute a gross enrolment rate of 99.7 per cent. The primary school teacher population is 3,192 which translate to a teacher/pupil ratio of 1:52. However, of concern is the performance in national examinations which is very poor. The main challenges include poor and inadequate school infrastructure such as classrooms, toilets and desks and dilapidated infrastructure as well as inadequate number of teachers.
The literacy levels in the county have been recording an increasing trend over the last few years. With the introduction of the free primary education for all and adult classes in the County, the literacy levels have reached an average of 57 per cent. However, the female literacy levels stands at 47.4 per cent against 66.6 per cent for the male. There are a total of 143 adult education learning centres in the county with a total enrolment of 5,870 learners.
The county has a total of 54 secondary schools with a total enrolment of 19,194 students comprising of 10,037 and 9,157 boys and girls respectively. This constitutes a gross enrolment rate of 29.75 per cent. The secondary school teacher population is 572 this translates to a teacher student ratio of 1:37 though the teacher distribution is uneven with hinterland schools experiencing high teacher shortage.
The tertiary institutions in the county include a Kenya School of Government (KSG), Kenya Medical Training College and 4 registered youth polytechnics. The county has no National University to offer training at this level to the local population despite the growing demand for higher education. There are a few commercial colleges mostly at Ukunda/Diani that offer courses related to hospitality, salon and beauty, computer and IT training, among others.
Tabular information is recommended, containing population data as at the last national census, current estimates, and medium-term projections. Similar projections should be done for urban population in key towns in the County, and population distribution & density per division and constituency. Analysis of each table should be done
Ministry of Education Agenda at Kwale county
Vision: To be the best education and training provider in the region
Mission: To impart timely, adequate and relevant knowledge, skills and attitude to the youth and ECD going children for enhance economic development.
To increase access to early childhood education & training
1) 40 ECD centers in the county constructed four polytechnics in the county
2) Supplied teaching, learning materials to all the ECD's and polytechnics.
3) Supply of "uji" to 300 ECD centers
4) Supplied furniture & water tanks for 40 ECD in the county
5) Construction of arts and play facilities
6) Paid for more than 20,000 students and dispatched 100 million shillings as bursary fund.
1) Anticipating to construct 60 ECD centers
2) There are plans of employing more ECD teachers and other ECD officers i.e. quality assurance officers.
3) Equipping the ECD with Arts & play facilities.
4) There are plans to upgrade the polytechnics to be Training Institutes.